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Glossaire des sigles médicaux anglais


 Royal London Hospital

Dictionnaire des abréviations médicales et paramédicales du Royaume-Uni

Les sigles courants, et les sigles désuets des 50 dernières années. Current abbreviations, and obsolete abbreviations from the last 50 years.


P :

P parity [parité : nombre d'enfants mis au monde par cette femme]
  power (par exemple, 5 sur 5)
  prescription [ordonnance]
  patient est venu chercher son ordonnance
p pulse
P+ protein is present [urine]
P2 pulmonic valve closure sound [auscultation cardiaque]
PA pernicious anaemia
  pulmonary artery
P-A postero-anterior
P&A percussion & auscultation
PABA para-aminobenzoic acid
PAC premature atrial contraction
PaCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PACS partial anterior circulation stroke
PACU Post-operative Anaesthesia Care Unit
PAD palmar arch disease
  peripheral arterial disease
PAF platelet aggregating factor
PAH paraaminohippuric acid
  pulmonary arterial hypertension
PAIR puncture, aspiration, injection, reaspiration [kystes hydatiques]
PAL posterior axillary line
palp palpable
PALS paediatric advanced life support
PAM postauricular myogenic response [audiologie]
  postauricular muscle [audiologie]
PAN polyarteritis nodosa
PAO peak acid output
PaO2 partial pressure of oxygen
PAOD peripheral arterial occlusive disease
PAP pulmonary artery pressure
Pap Papanicolaou test, cervical smear, pap smear [frottis vaginal]
para parity [parité : nombre d'enfants mis au monde par cette femme]
PAS para-amino salicylic acid
  periodic acid Schiff reaction
PASA para-aminosalicylic acid
PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
path pathology [service ou rapport]
PAWP pulmonary artery wedge pressure
PB Paul-Bunnell test
PBC primary biliary cirrhosis
PBI protein bound iodine
PBO placebo
PBZ pyribenzamine
p.c. post cibum [après un repas]
PC packed cells
  personal computer
  portacaval / portalcaval (shunt)
  post coital [contraception]
  present complaint
PCA patient-controlled analgesia
PCB post coital bleeding
PCC post coital contraception
PCEA patient-controlled epidural anaesthesia
PCG phonocardiogram
  Primary Care Group
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PCM protein calorie malnutrition
PCOS polycystic ovary syndrome
pCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PCQ pain coping questionnaire
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PCS portacaval / portalcaval shunt
PCT Primary Care Trust
PCV packed cell volume
PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD Parkinson’s disease
  peritoneal dialysis
  progressive disease
  psychological debriefing
pd prism diopter
  pupil diameter
  pupillary distance, interpupillary distance
PDA patent ductus arteriosus, persistent ductus arteriosus
PDGF platelet-derived growth factor
PDQ pretty damn quick, pretty damn quickly
PDT percutaneous dilational tracheostomy
  photodynamic therapy
PE physical examination
  pulmonary embolism
PEARL pupils equal and react to light
PEBP patient escorted by police
PEC pneumoencephalogram
PED paediatrics
PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure
PEFR peak expiratory flow rate
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEG pneumoencephalogram
  polyethylene glycol
PEJ percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy
PEL permissible exposure limits
PEM protein energy malnutrition
PEMF pulsating electromagnetic field
PENS percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
perf perforated
PERLA pupils are equal and react to light and accommodation
PERRL pupils are equal, round and react to light
pes pessary
peSPL peak-to-peak equivalent sound pressure level [audiologie]
PET positron emission tomography
  pre-eclamptic toxaemia
PF peak flow
PFE pelvic floor exercises
PFER peak flow expiratory rate
PFO patent foramen ovale
PFR peak flow rate
PFT placental function test
  pulmonary function test
PFTs pulmonary function tests
PG prostaglandin
  pulse generator
PGA pteroylglutamic acid [acide folique]
pg picogram
PGD preimplantation genetic diagnosis
PGH previous gynaecological history
  pituitary growth hormone
PGF paternal grandfather
PGM paternal grandmother
PH past history
  patient history
  pulmonary hypertension
pH hydrogen-ion concentration [pH]
pHa pH of arterial blood
PHA phytohaemagglutinin
PHC primary health care
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
PhV pharmacovigilance
PHx previous medical history
PHY physostigmine
physio physiotherapy
PI present illness
PICU Paediatric Intensive Care Unit
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
  prolapsed intervertebral disc
PIE pulmonary infiltration with eosinophilia
PIF proliferation-inhibiting factor
PIH pregnancy-induced hypertension
PIP Personal Independence Payment
  proximal inter-phalangeal joint
PJC premature junctional complex
  premature junctional contraction
PJI periprosthetic joint infection
PKD polycystic kidney disease
PKU phenylketonuria
PL perception of light
Pl plantar
Plat platelet
PLIF posterior lumbar interbody fusion
Plt platelet
PM post mortem examination
PMB post-menopausal bleeding
PMH previous medical history
  previous menstrual history
PMI point of maximal impulse
  point of maximum intensity
  posterior myocardial infarction
PML progressive multifocal leuco-encephalopathy
PMN polymorphonuclear leucocyte
PMO Principal Medical Officer
PMP plasma membrane protein
PMR patient medication record
  physical medicine & rehabilitation
  polymyalgia rheumatica
PMS poor miserable soul
  post menopausal syndrome
  premenstrual syndrome
PMSH previous medical and social history
PMT premenstrual tension
PN percussion note
PN positional nystagmus
  Practice Nurse
P/N post-natal
PNC premature nodal contraction
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea
  post-nasal drip
  pre-natal diagnosis
PNIF peak nasal inspiratory flow
PNL peripheral nerve lesion
PNM perinatal mortality
PNR percussion note resonant
PNS peripheral nervous system
  post-nasal space
PNTh pneumothorax
PNV post-operative nausea and vomiting
Pnv neck vein pressure
PNX pneumothorax
po per os [voie orale]
PO per os [voie orale]
pO2 partial pressure of oxygen
POCS posterior circulation stroke syndrome
POH previous obstetric history
POLY polymorphonuclear leucocytes
PoM prescription-only medicine
POMR problem-orientated medical record
POMS profile of mood states
POP plaster of Paris [plâtre de Paris]
PoP plaster of Paris [plâtre de Paris]
  progesterone-only pill
POR problem-orientated record
pos positive
POS polycystic ovary syndrome
post after
postop post-operative
PP peripheral pulse
  pin prick
  placenta previa
  post partum
  post prandial
  private patient
  proximal phalanx
pp punctum proximum [le point le plus proche que l'on peut voir distinctement]
PPA pulmonary arterial pressure
  positive pressure breathing
PPBS post prandial blood sugar
PPD pulmonary parenchymal disease
  purified protein derivative
PPE Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations
PPF purified plasma fraction
PPH post partum haemorrhage
  primary pulmonary hypertension
PPI patient package insert
PPIH proteinuric pregnancy-induced hypertension
PPLO pleuropneumonia-like organisms
ppm parts per million
PPPBL peripheral pulses palpable in both legs
PPROM pre-term premature rupture of membranes
PPS Palliative Performance Scale
  pelvic pain syndrome
PPs peripheral pulses
PPTK partial prothrombin time (kaolin)
pr per rectum
PR per rectum
  plantar response
  pulse rate
Pr presbyopia
  punctum remotem [le point le plus éloigné que l'œil puisse voir net]
P&R pulse & respiration
PRA plasma renin activity
preop pre-operative
PRHO pre-registration house officer
PRICE protection, rest, ice, compression & elevation
primip primipara [première grossesse]
PRIST paper radioimmunosorbent test
PRL prolactin
p.r.n. pro re nata [administration au besoin]
proct proctologie
prog progesterone
PROM premature rupture of membranes
  passive range of motion
promyelo promyelocyte
PROT total protein
prot protéinurie
prox proximal
pro time prothrombin time
PRV polycythaemia rubra vera
PRx prognosis
pre avant
proprio proprioception
PS pulmonary stenosis
P/S polyunsaturated/saturated ratio
PSA prostate specific antigen
PSC primary sclerosing cholangitis
PSP phenolsulphonphthalein
PSS progressive systemic sclerosis
PSV pressure support ventilation
  public service vehicle [permis / chauffeur]
PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
Pt patient
PT patch test
  prothrombin time
PTA parent-teacher association
  plasma thromboplastin antecedent
  prior to admission
  prothrombin activity
  pure tone audiometry
PTB patellar tendon bearing cast
PTC percutaneous transhepatic cholangiopancreatography
  plasma thromboplastin component
  prothrombin control
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PtD permanent total disability
PTFE polytetrafluoroethylene [Téflon]
PTH parathyroid hormone
  post transfusion hepatitis
pTNM pathological tumour-node-metastasis
PTNT pain to needle time
PTR prothrombin ratio
PTS patient transport service
PTSD post traumatic stress disorder
PTSR post traumatic stress reaction
PTT partial thromboplastin time
PTTK prothrombin time (kaolin)
PTx pneumothorax
PTZ pentylenetratozole
PU passed urine
  peptic ulcer
PUBS percutaneous umbilical blood sampling
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids
PUL percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy
pulv poudre
PULHEEMS physical capacity, upper limbs, locomotion, hearing, eyesight, mental capacity, emotional stability [évaluation de capacité fonctionnelle, forces armées, Royaume-Uni]
PULHES physical capacity, upper limbs, lower limbs, hearing, eyesight, psychiatric [évaluation de capacité fonctionnelle, forces armées, États-Unis]
PUO pyrexia of unknown origin
PUs passes urine
PUVA psoralen & ultraviolet A
PUWER Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations
PV per vaginam [par voie vaginale]
  podalic version
PVC peripheral intravenous catheter
  premature ventricular contraction
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PVFS post viral fatigue syndrome
PVP pulmonary venous pressure
PVP-I povidone iodine
PVR pulmonary vascular resistance
PVS persistent vegetative state
PVT paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia
PWA patient with AIDS
PWB partial weight bearing
PX physical examination
Px past history
PZI protamine zinc insulin




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